Messages that were originally intended as jokes or humour pieces but have attained hoax status over time.
Fake Images and Videos
Images and videos that have been digitally manipulated or altered to depict imaginary things or to convey false information.
Petitions and Protests
False, inaccurate, or misleading messages that protest against various organisations, government departments, or individuals. Some are presented as petitions that ask recipients to 'sign' and pass them on.
Email and social media messages that predict dire consequences for people who 'break the chain' and do not share them with others.
Health and Medical Hoaxes
Circulating messages that contain false, misleading, or inaccurate information about health and medical issues.
Hoaxes that falsely claim that famous - or infamous - people have died. Some such messages contain malicious links.
Hoaxes about the supposed activities or unexpected demise of famous people.