The Faded Gingham Dress - Stanford University Origin Legend
This enduring and entertaining tale supposedly outlines the origins of California's prestigious Stanford University. According to the story, after Mr. and Mrs. Leland Stanford were rudely rebuffed by the President of Harvard University when they offered to fund a building to honour the memory of their dead son, the pair subsequently established the university that bears their name. The story claims that the couple met such a cold and arrogant reception at Harvard because they were dressed in a "faded gingham dress" and a "homespun threadbare suit" and thereby had the appearance of penniless country bumpkins. It is a nice story, and one that carries a valuable moral lesson - people should not make snap judgements based on a person's initial appearance or demeanour.
However, while core elements in the tale are more or less factual, as a whole it strays a long way from the truth. In fact it is an urban legend that has been circulating for more than a decade. Leland and Jane Stanford did indeed establish Stanford University, they did visit Harvard University before establishing Stanford and, sadly, they did have a son that died young. Historical notes published on Stanford's website suggest that the couple did indeed create the institution as a memorial to their son. However, any truth in the story well and truly ends with these few facts.
The family was well-to-do and certainly would not have dressed as poor country hicks, especially when attending an important meeting. Moreover, Leland Stanford was a powerful and influential man, astute at business, a political leader, later a U.S. Senator and at one point, Governor of California. Hardly the type of individual who would venture "timidly" into a university office and then quietly wait for hours to be seen. And the couple's son, Leland Jr, died not of an accident, but of typhoid fever while travelling with his family in Italy. The boy was only 15 years old and was not attending Harvard or any other university at the time of his death. Before going ahead with plans to establish their university, the Stanfords did visit several eastern universities, including Harvard where they spoke to then president Charles William Eliot. However, they were not rudely dismissed at these visits and in fact received valuable advice that helped them in their project. An entry in the Stanford University Libraries FAQ, dismissed the story as false, noting in part:
The thought of Leland and Jane Stanford, by this time quite wealthy, arriving at Harvard in a homespun threadbare suit and faded gingham dress is amusing, but highly inaccurate. It also is unlikely that Leland Stanford, a former governor of California and well-known railroad baron, and his wife Jane were knowingly kept waiting outside Eliot's office. The Stanfords also visited Cornell, MIT, and Johns Hopkins.
The story was also resoundingly debunked in a 1998 edition of a university publication, the Stanford Magazine:
Take the tale of two "backwoods country hicks" that's been zapped across the nation and around the world in countless e-mails over the last few months. The story has it that sometime in the 1880s a man and woman show up unannounced to meet with the president of Harvard. They talk to him about building a memorial for their son, who "accidentally killed" himself after his freshman year at Harvard. Eyeing the woman's "faded gingham dress" and the man's "homespun threadbare suit," the president rudely informs them of the cost of building a university. "Is that all?" the woman says to her husband. "Why don't we just start our own?" With that, the story goes, Leland and Jane Stanford returned to Palo Alto, "where they established the University that bears their name, a memorial to a son that Harvard no longer cared about."
Thus, while the story may be entertaining, it is not an accurate account of the founding of Stanford University. This version of the story falsely claims that it was penned by the late Malcolm Forbes, a well known business leader and publisher of Forbes magazine.
The account, of course, is wrong -- and, in places, absurd. Leland Jr. died of typhoid fever at age 15. He never enrolled at Harvard. His parents did visit Harvard President Charles Eliot, but only to get advice on endowing a university. Perhaps most ridiculous is the notion that Sen. Stanford, a wealthy railroad baron, and his wife would show up in ratty clothes.
Still, the story lives on. Stanford officials have fielded questions from tourists, alumni, reporters -- and Harvard itself. Archivist Margaret Kimball, '80, was even asked to settle a bet between a husband and wife. "I might have caused a divorce," she says.
The first quote included at the bottom of the message is generally attributed to American poet Maya Angelou. The slightly munged and abridged second quote, attributed in the message to James Arthur Ray, is more usually attributed to 19th Century American politician and orator, William Jennings Bryan who said, "Destiny is no matter of chance. It is a matter of choice. It is not a thing to be waited for, it is a thing to be achieved".
Subject: THE GINGHAM DRESS
A lady in a faded gingham dress
and her husband, dressed in a Homespun
threadbare suit, stepped off the train in Boston ,
and walked timidly without an appointment into the Harvard University
President's outer office.
The secretary could tell in a moment that such backwoods,
country hicks had no business at Harvard and probably didn't even
deserve to be in Cambridge
'We'd like to see the president,' the man said softly.
'He'll be busy all day,' the secretary snapped.
'We'll wait,' the lady replied.
For hours the secretary ignored them, hoping
that the couple would finally become discouraged and go away.
They didn't, and the secretary grew
frustrated and finally decided to disturb the president,
even though it was a chore she always regretted.
'Maybe if you see them for a few minutes, they'll leave,' she
said to him!
He sighed in exasperation and nodded. Someone of his importance
obviously didn't have the
time to spend with them, and he detested gingham dresses and homespun
up his outer office.
The president, stern faced and with dignity, strutted toward
the couple. The lady told him, 'We had a son who attended Harvard for
year. He loved Harvard. He was happy here. But about a year ago, he
was accidentally killed. My husband and I would like to erect a
him, somewhere on campus.'
The president wasn't touched. He was shocked. 'Madam,' he said,
gruffly, 'we can't put up a statue for every person who attended
and died. If we did, this place would look like a cemetery.'
'Oh, no,' the lady explained quickly. 'We don't want to erect
a statue. We thought we would like to give a building to Harvard.'
The president rolled his eyes. He glanced at the gingham dress and
homespun suit, then exclaimed, 'A building! Do you have any earthly
how much a building costs? We have over seven and a half million
dollars in the
physical buildings here at Harvard.'
For a moment the lady was silent. The president was pleased. Maybe he
could get rid of them now.
The lady turned to her husband and said quietly, 'Is that all it costs
to start a university? Why don't we just start our own?'
Her husband nodded. The president's face wilted in confusion and
bewilderment. Mr. and Mrs. Leland Stanford got up and walked away,
traveling to Palo Alto , California where they established the university
that bears their name, Stanford University , a memorial to
a son that Harvard no longer cared about.
You can easily judge the character of others by how they treat those
who they think can do nothing for
A TRUE STORY By Malcolm Forbes
'People will forget what you said; People will forget what you
did. But people will never forget how you made them feel'.
"Destiny is not a matter of chance, it is a matter of
choice."- James Arthur Ray
Last updated: May 1, 2015
First published: September 24, 2009
By Brett M. Christensen
Were Leland and Jane Stanford snubbed by the president of Harvard University?
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